Selasa, 27 Maret 2012

Istilah Dalam Android


ANDROID:- it is a linux based os which is made open source under apache license v2.0, it is made for smartphones and tablets (Latest version is 4.0.3).

ADB:- it is a short form of android debug bridge, a part of android sdk, it allow the user to have root level access to their device through the computer.

AOSP:- short of android open source project, through this code one can
create a copy of the android in his own way.

APK:-an executable file for android similar to exe files in windows, mostly the programs are nstalled through this file

BOOTLOADER:- there are two types of bootloader (primary and secondary) it tells the device how to boot.

BRICK:- An Android device that is completely non-responsive, i.e. nothing lights up, the screen does nothing, no combination of button presses cause any reaction. Can only be restored by USB JIG, UNBRICKABLE MOD, or warranty service.

BUILD PROP :- A plain text file which contains environmental variables for the system to use during operation. Can be hacked to fake a different model for increased functionality, among many other operations.

BUSYBOX:- a single file which contain many unix tools are very usefull for root users

BUTTON COMBO:- simulationiously pressing of button for getting desired result for example pressing "home+power" button to start the phone in recovery mode

CLAY:- an android device that is not fully functional but can go to recovery or download mode and can be recovered by fashing

CLOCKWORKMOD RECOVERY:- custom third party recovery which have many advance and extra option like "partitioning sd card, wiping battery stat" etc.

CYANOGENMOD:- it is a custom rom based on android 2.3 gingrbread, most popular and have many tweaks and option added, currently cyanogenmod version is 9.0.x .

DALVIK CACHE:- The collection of program information stored for use by the DALVIK program. This can be cleared from the RECOVERY menu to resolve issues with the Android.

DALVIK:- The Android operating system's memory management tool. This program handles which other programs are running and assigns memory to them.

DEODEXED:- Removing the .odex files from an APK file. The .odex files contain a list of dependencies for the associated file, and if something changes, the .odex (and similarly, the associated file) not longer function correctly.

DOWNLOAD MODE:- The download mode is the lowest-level interface to the Android device. Allows for full access to all flashable items on the device via the ODIN tool.

EXT4:- A type of filesystem (NTFS, FAT32 etc.) used by linux os and therefore also used by android os (similar type:- ext2, ext3).

EXTERNAL_SD:- commonly known as micro sd card can be inserted in the sd card slot, a type of storage device which can be removed anytime.

FACTORY RESET:- means removing all the user data, apps, messages, contacts can be backed up by different apps like titanium backup.

FLASHING:- writing the files like "kernel, modem, firmware etc" through the computer to the phone in download mode.

FORCE CLOSE:- when a program became unstable then the dalvik program terminate it to prevent the system from instability.

FREEZE:- means making the app unusable but still installed (usefull for those who want to use old market they can freeze market updater, for finding problem and fc).

GOVERNOR:- a program that can change the clock speed of processor.
GPU:- graphic processor unit, processthe whole graphics of the device ( g mini have adreno 200 gpu)
HSUPA/HSDPA:- Short for High Speed (Up/Down) Packet Access. This is 3G+, and is the Android device's internet speed level between 3G and 4G.

IMEI:- Short for International Mobile Equipment Identity. A unique number to identify GSM, WCDMA, and iDEN phones. Used by GSM networks to identify valid devices.

JIG:- a device which create a physical connection with the usb port and force the device into the download mode.

[U]JTAG[U]:- a process of connecting directly to the main board to rewrite the corrupted bootloader.

KERNEL:- a collection of software and drivers, it also control the running of the android device.

KIES MINI:- a Samsung-proprietary program that allows flashing of official updates to the Android OS.

LAGFIX:- changing the file system used by the Android OS (ususally to EXT4) to reduce the perceived lag in the operation of the Android device.

LAUNCHER:- an app like desktop in the windows, which allow the user to run installed apps

MODEM:- the software that interfaces with the phone's radio hardware to connect to cell phone towers.

NANDROID BACKUP:- a complete system image backup of the Android device except for the MODEM and KERNEL. Can be accessed from CWM.

NO-WIPE PACKAGE:- a rom update package that leaves the user's market apps intact while still performing the updates to the system files. Restoring from backup is not necessary.

ODEX:- a file that is associated with an APK file, containing a list of the dependencies for the program.

ODIN:- a Samsung proprietary program that allows the Android device to be flashed back to stock or with custom software.

ODIN ONE CLICK:- a version/package of the ODIN program that contains and will preload the necessary files to flash back to STOCK.

OVERCLOCKING:- setting the processor's clock speed to run faster than its default setting, i.e changing cpu frequency from 600 mhz to 802 mhz.

PRIMARY BOOTLOADER:- also known as First Stage Bootloader. The first bootloader run at boot time, this bootloader finds RAM for the Android device, and hands the boot sequence off to the SECONDARY BOOTLOADER. File name is "boot.bin".

RAT:- short for Radio Access Technology. This determines how the network decides the QoS (quality of service) on the connection between the Android device and the carrier's data towers.

RECOVERY:- The menu that allows a user to do many low-level operations on the Android Device. This menu can either be the stock Samsung menu, or the CLOCKWORKMOD RECOVERY MENU (CWM).

REORIENTED:- means changing the code of kernel to make it workable on other device.

RFS:- a type of file system which can only be used by samsung

ROM:- the collection of programs, themes, and settings that create the general look-and-feel of your Android device. This is what most users will initially be wanting to change.

ROM MANAGER:- The Android OS front end program for the CLOCKWORKMOD RECOVERY MENU (or CWM). Allows use of many of the CWM features from inside the Android OS.

SECONDARY BOOTLOADER:- also known as Second Stage Bootloader. The second bootloader run at boot time, this bootloader handles the processes required to allow the Android device to boot the main kernel, such as file systems, memory, and MODEM. Filename is sbl.bin.

ROOT:- changing the permission level of the Android system to its most powerful level, the root user, allowing full access to the file system.

SOFT BRICK:- this does not exist. A misnomer for a device that is not functioning correctly, but still shows some signs of operation. See CLAY.

STOCK:- the Android software version that comes installed on new devices, prior to sale to the user. On the original SGM, it is froyo 2.2. Can also be used to refer to the Android software issued from Samsung or the carrier.

TETHER:- connecting the Android device to a computer via a wired orwireless connection to allow the transfer of data through the Android device's internet connection. Commonly used to provide internet access to a laptop or desktop computer when other methods are not desired or available.

THEME:- a collection of images, backgrounds, colors, font types, and other visual items to change the Android device's look and feel. Separate from LAUNCHER, and is usually FLASHed in CWM.

TIBU:- short for Titanium Backup. See TITANIUM BACKUP.

TITANIUM BACKUP:- a backup utility available in the Android Market that allows users to back uptheir applications, the saved data for the applications, and system settings.

UNBRICKABLE MOD:- a hardware modification that removes a resistor and reconnects another resistor to the removed resistor's active pad, permanently allowing the Android device to reach a development board state. This allows reloading of bootloaders that have previously been corrupted or incorrectly installed, along with preventing the Android device from ever reaching a true"hard brick" state. Originally developed by Recognized Developer Adam Outler.

UNDERVOLTING:- setting the voltage levels drawn by the Android device to a lower level to reduce overall battery usage.

VOODOO LAGFIX:- converts /system, /cache, /dbdata and /data to Ext4 with optimized parameters for speed but also guaranteeing data integrity. Also configures the write behavior of Linux to prevent lag from happening, plus applies some memory management providing a better balance than stock settings.

VOODOO COLOR:- a series of improvements to the visual elements of the Android OS. Enhances clarity, offers color adjustments, and other visual tweaks.

VOODOO SOUND:- a series of improvements to the audio elements of the Android OS. Enhances audio clarity, allows for more powerful adjustment to overall sound levels, plus additionaltweaks.

WCDMA:- short for Wideband CodeDivision Multiple Access. An air interface standard in 3G mobile communications networks that allows higher speeds and more users.

WIPE-PACKAGES:- a rom package that will format the portions of the Android device where the user's market apps are stored, in addition to any updates to the system folders. After a wipe package is installed, the user will have to restore apps from a backup or redownload them from the AndroidMarke.

ZIP-ALLIGNED:- an archive alignment tool that provides important optimization to APK files. The purpose is to ensure that all uncompressed data starts with a particular alignment relative to the start of the file. Reduces RAM consumption.

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